The Scottish Rite is among three branches of Freemasonry where a Master Mason may proceed after he's completed the 3 levels of Symbolic Masonry, also known as "Nowhere Lodge." The Scottish Rite confers twenty-nine levels, usually in dramatic allegory, in the fourth to 32nd, at what exactly are known as "Family reunions." Additionally, it confers a 33rd Degree once every 2 yrs at its Annual Conference, that is an honorary degree, given for exemplary work on a Scottish Rite or in your neighborhood. This degree can't be requested.
Using the term "Scottish" has brought many Masons to think the Rite came from in Scotland. There is additionally a false belief which endured for several years, that the guy needed to visit Scotland to get the 33°. Neither of those claims holds true.
Really, the very first mention of Rite seems in old French records in which the word "Ecossais, " meaning Scottish, is located. Throughout the second area of the 17th Century, once the Uk were torn by strife, many Scots fled to France and started again their Masonic interests is the fact that country. It's thought this influence led to using the term "Scottish."
In 1732, the very first "Ecossais, " or Scottish Lodge, was organized in Bordeaux, among the earliest and many influential Masonic centers in France. The membership incorporated Scottish and British Masons. Time 1738-40 saw the development from the first "Hauts Grades" or advanced levels. In 1761, certain Masonic government bodies in France granted a patent to Stephen Morin of Bordeaux to hold the advanced levels over the ocean to America. In 1763, Morin established these levels within the French possessions in the western world Indies. What he established comprised of the system of 25 so-known as greater levels which prospered in France, and that have been referred to as "Rite of Perfection."
Inside a couple of years after 1763, other levels were added, before the Rite were built with a ritual structure of 33 levels — the very first three being summarized inside a Symbolic Lodge, if your Grand Lodge with subordinate Lodges been around in the region.
In 1767, Henry Francken, who was simply deputized by Morin, organized a Lodge of Perfection in Albany, New You are able to. It was the forerunner of the items ended up being to end up being the Ancient Recognized Scottish Rite within the U . s . States. Throughout the Colonial Period, other deputies, hired by Morin, organized Masonic groups which conferred the advanced levels at other details across the Atlantic seaboard, including Charleston, Sc. Such groups were independent and without centralized supervision or control however, all of them agreed their authority originated from Stephen Morin in Jamaica in the western world Indies.
On May 31, 1801, the final Council from the Thirty-third degree for that Usa — the very first Scottish Rite Supreme Council on the planet-began in Charleston, Sc. Its goal ended up being to unify these competing groups and also to bring Masonic order from chaos. The entire membership of the Supreme Council comprised of 11 Grand Personnel General.
Of those 11 — John Mitchell, Ernest Dalcho, Abraham Alexander, Emanuel P La Motta, Thomas Bartholomew Bowen, Israel P Lieben, Isaac Auld, Le Comte Alexandre Francois Auguste p Grasse, Jean Baptiste Marie Delahogue, Moses Clava Levy and James Moultrie — nine were born abroad and just Siblings Isaac Auld and James Moultrie were native born. In religion, four were Jews, five were Protestants, and 2 were Roman Catholics.
On August 5, 1813, Emanuel P La Motta, 33°, of Savannah, Georgia, a distinguished Jewish merchant and philanthropist, and Grand Treasurer General from the Supreme Council at Charleston, organized in New You are able to City the final Council from the Thirty-third degree for that Northern District and Jurisdiction from the Usa.
The very first Sovereign Grand Commander was Ill Daniel D. Tompkins, 33°. He filled this office from 1813-25. He was simultaneously V . P . from the U . s . States for 2 terms, under Leader Monroe. The very first Grand Secretary General of the Supreme Council, its Conservator throughout the age of anti-Masonic attacks, and it is third Sovereign Grand Commander from 1832-51, was Ill John James Frederick Gourgas, 33°.
Both Northern and also the Southern Areas made slow progress in unifying the scattered degree-conferring groups, as well as in standardizing the traditions. These were handicapped through the pride from our organizations by leadership jealousies through the anti-Masonic agitation of 1826-40, which just about destroyed Freemasonry through the War between your States, by other matters. The entire process of unification, however, was carried out the Northern Masonic Jurisdiction through the Union of 1867, once the last irregular Supreme Council finally acknowledged the authority from the regular Supreme Council. From that Union, there came about what's the present Supreme Council for that Northern Masonic Jurisdiction from the Usa.
As it is now formally acknowledged as starting in 1801 in Charleston, Sc, the Scottish Rite has spread around the world Currently, the final Council for that Northern Masonic Jurisdiction formally recognizes and likes friendly relations using the Supreme Local authorities from the Scottish Rite in 39 other Areas, and also the greater degree systems (Swedish Rite) given through the Grand Lodges within the four Scandinavian nations (Denmark, Iceland, Norwegian and Sweden).